Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections transmitted from 1 person to another through unprotected sexual contact. Some of the most common STDs include syphilis, pubic lice, hepatitis B, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chlamydia, genital warts, genital herpes, and human papillomavirus (HPV). STDs can also be transmitted through intravenous drug use.
The symptoms of STDs vary and include:
In many cases, STDs won’t cause any symptoms. For this reason, STD screening is essential for anyone who has had unprotected sex.
Dr. Rana uses different screening tests to check for STDs. Depending on the patient’s risk factors and symptoms, she may test for all common STDs, or she may test for a specific infection. Even if a patient’s symptoms indicate the presence of a specific infection, Dr. Rana may still order a test to confirm the diagnosis.
Various treatments for STDs are available. For example, infections caused by bacteria may require treatment with an antibiotic. In most cases, these types of STDs are curable, but STDs caused by viruses are usually incurable. If a patient has a viral STD, Dr. Rana may prescribe medication to control the symptoms.
A patient who has unprotected sex can contract an STD. Patients should always request STD screening if:
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